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Genital Warts and Pregnancy

Can Genital Warts be a Risk during Pregnancy or when you try to Conceive?

When you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant but you have genital warts you might be concerned whether they can pose a risk. The questions you might ask yourself might involve:

  • Is my baby at risk from genital warts during pregnancy?
  • Do genital warts have any bearing on childbirth?
  • How can I treat my genital warts during pregnancy?

Questions like these are of concern to you as an expecting mother. Knowing how to deal with your genital warts can and will decrease your stress and anxiety significantly.

Genital Warts During Pregnancy

There is no evidence that genital warts can cause serious issues during a pregnancy. There are no studies or experiences that would link them to anything like miscarriages, premature deliveries or preeclampsia. There is the small possibility though that the HPV which causes the genital warts gets transferred from the mother to the baby.

A bigger concern for you as the mother is that the warts can be causing quite a bit of discomfort during your pregnancy. During a pregnancy you will have to expect that your genital warts will grow faster. That is due to discharge as well as the changes you’re experiences in your hormones and immune system.

Genital Warts while you try to Conceive

If you have no history of genital warts then there’s nothing you have to worry about at this time. Even if the HPV virus is dormant in your system, it would have been detected during a pap smear. Otherwise, you will at the latest find out during your first appointment when you’re pregnant as one will be taken.

Should you be trying to conceive and you have had a history of genital warts or you have them at this time then make sure that your doctor knows about this. This will make sure that your doctor monitors the genital warts specifically once you get pregnant.

Genital Warts during Pregnancy

If you suffered from genital warts in the past but currently do not have any then there’s no reason to assume that the likelihood of a new outbreak increases just because you are pregnant. Should you experience new growth of condyloma then there’s no evidence linking that to you being pregnant.

If you already have genital warts when you get pregnant then you will unfortunately have to assume that they will grow larger. They can also be prone to some discharge and bleeding. The most likely reason for this is due to the changes to your hormonal levels and your immune system that you experience when you go through you’re pregnancy.

The growth of the warts can then lead to further discomfort as they can itch or be painful. They can also end up making it somewhat more difficult to urinate. All in all these symptoms can be uncomfortable but they do not pose a serious health risk.

You might in any case discuss with your doctor on how to treat your genital warts if you get pregnant. Depending on your situation your doctor might decide to simply watch them or to treat them. There are safe treatments that will not endanger your baby. You can even try some of the known home remedies to treat genital warts.

Genital Warts at Childbirth

It is very rare that genital warts lead to complications during childbirth. If there’s any risk at all then it would be from genital warts inside the vagina. These can have an impact on how far the vagina walls can stretch during childbirth and at that time cause issues.

You could also have genital warts blocking or impacting the birth canal and prevent a natural vaginal delivery. However, your doctor would certainly have evaluated this beforehand and treated those warts.

In any case, keep in mind that these cases are so rare that it’s more of a theoretical risk than anything you’re really in danger of experiencing. During your pregnancy there’s usually enough time to treat condyloma before it can become an issue during childbirth.

Transferring HPV to the Baby

In rare cases you could transfer the HPV virus to your baby but that’s nothing you should worry too much about. The immune system of the baby is usually quite capable of dealing with HPV should it get infected during pregnancy or during childbirth.

Should your doctor foresee or fear any complications during childbirth then he or she might suggest that you deliver the baby through C-section. Again, this is so uncommon that it’s nothing you should worry about.

Treatment Options for Genital Warts during Pregnancy

There are numerous ways to treat genital warts. Many of those can be performed by yourself at home. Most of the OTC or home remedies that are available to treat condyloma can be used even if you’re pregnant. When you're looking at over the counter wart removers then make sure that they are approved to be used for genital warts. Many of these wart remedies like Wartrol are not to be used for condyloma.

If your doctor performs any medical procedure then he or she will most likely do cryotherapy, laser removal or electrocautery where the warts are burned off through electricity. In most cases the treatment will end up being with topical creams or through the use of a chemical like TCA (trichloracetic acid).

In other cases, you can try to use essential oils like Tea Tree Oil to treat your genital warts. Alternatively, you can also use natural remedies like Witch Hazel to get rid of condyloma. You should in any case make sure that you and your doctor agree on the treatment plan to ensure that there’s not even the slightest risk for your baby.

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